Rosenkrantz and Hoffman (both, UNC, Greensboro) follow the standard format for Scarecrow's "Historical Dictionary" series, providing a list of symbols, chronology, introduction, alphabetical entries, and bibliography for the subject of metaphysics in the Western philosophical tradition from ancient Greece to the present. The entries, which cover key concepts and philosophers, are clearly written and instill in the reader a wish to learn more about the topics covered. Knowledge of these topics is facilitated by the cross-referencing system but hampered by the lack of bibliographies for individual entries. A general bibliography appears at the end of the work. Appropriate and useful for novices, this dictionary lacks the breadth, depth, and nuance provided in the standard one-volume encyclopedia for the subfield, A Companion to Metaphysics (2nd ed., CH, Oct'09, 47-0789), edited by Rosenkrantz, J. Kim, and E. Sosa. Summing Up: Recommended. Lower-division undergraduates and general readers.